Great Schools Partnership: iWalkthrough

Peer Coaching Program

Education World: Teachers Observing Teachers

Tools for School Improvement: Peer Observation

Peer Coaching and Observation Techniques

Avon Grove School District: Peer Coaching

Coalition for Essential Schools: Tools for Peer Coaching

CanTeach: Peer Coaching

Asking Open-Ended Questions
  • What are your strengths as a teacher?
  • How would you know if your lesson was successful?
  • What have you considered as areas of growth for the year?
  • How do you think coaching will benefit your teaching?
  • If you were a student, what kind of teacher would you like to have?
  • What do you feel contributed to your success today?
  • Imagine it is the end of the school year. What would you want to say about the year?
  • What where some of the things that you felt went well?

Cognitive Coaching: Open-Ended Questions

Open-Ended Question:
What where some of the things that you felt went well?
What made you decide to use this topic for this lesson?
Your lesson provided a lot of information….”What did you do to ensure that the
students were learning?
What do you think worked well today?
What do you think you did well in this lesson?
What did you feel went well with your lesson today?
Did you do some specific things to catch the interest of the students.
The lesson had many strong points. What did you do to help the kids learn?
What did you do to keep students involved in your lesson?
What did you do that caused your lesson to go well?
What do you think went well today and helped your students to learn?
Narrowing Question:
What did you do to make the lesson meaningful to your students?
What did you do to reinforce students’ knowledge?
What did you do to get your students interested in the …………?
What did you do to get the students to tell you what they had experienced?
What did you do to encourage active participation?
How did you respond to the children during class to encourage them to participate?
How did you organize your material to teach the students?
Open-Ended Question:
What part of your lesson do you feel did not go very well today?
What was least effective in your lesson today?
What would you have changed? If you could change something in your lesson, what
would you change?
What did you find most difficult about teaching this lesson?
If you were to teach this lesson again, what would you do differently?
What could you have done to enhance the lesson?
Is there anything you think didn’t go well?
What do you think didn’t go as well as you expected?
Is there anything that didn’t go as well as you had planned?
Narrowing Questions:
What did you do to ensure that all students could see your materials?
How were you able to reinforce student learning in today’s lesson?
What did you do to encourage student participation?
What did you do to see if the students were grasping the content of your lesson?
How did you involve your students in your lesson? Focus on what they did.
What did you do to encourage your students to formulate answers?
What did you do to ensure that your students have enough time to formulate
Do you think if you increased your wait time it would have given more students time
to respond to the question?
Another approach to providing feedback and encourage reflective thinking is to use
statements that begin with “I noticed …” and “I wonder…”
I noticed that you monitored off-task behavior by going over to J and B and quietly
speaking with them to refocus their behavior.
I noticed that a number of students didn’t understand the directions to the
assignment. How could this have been prevented?
I noticed how you differentiated the assignment for _. Why did you choose
this approach?
I wonder how you could have better focused the discussion. What kinds of follow-up
questions could you have used?
I wonder if you set up a routine for passing out and collecting papers there would be
less loss of instructional time.
I wonder how the discussion might have been different if you had first allowed the
students to ask the questions that they prepared, instead of beginning with your

Peer Observation of Teaching

1. Did the lesson proceed in the way you had planned it?
2. Did the students react to the lesson in the way you
thought they would?
3. What specific things did you do to help the students
understand difficult parts of the lesson?
4. Did you do anything that confused the students or made
it difficult for them to understand the lesson?
5. How did the students react to your lesson?
6. During the lesson, did you feel confident and
enthusiastic? Why?
7. What did you do in the lesson to allow for individual
differences in students' learning styles or abilities?
8. Do you think your students learned all that you wanted
them to learn in this session? What brings you to this
9. What did you do in the lesson to make students feel that
they had some control over what they were learning?
10. What did you do to encourage the students to
participate actively in the lessons?
11. Did anything in this class reinforce or contradict your
beliefs about teaching and learning?
12. What did you learn about teaching from this class?
13. What did you learn about student learning from this
14. What targets for improvement have you set yourself for
this class, and are they realistic?
15. If you were to teach this lesson again tomorrow, what
would you do differently, and why?

Peer Observation Form

See also:

Essential Questions